Civil Servants for the East India Company used to be nominated by the Directors of the Company and thereafter trained at Haileybury College in London and then sent to India.
Following Lord Macaulay’s Report , the concept of a merit based modern Civil Service in India with entry through competitive examinations was introduced in 1854. For this purpose, a Civil Service Commission was setup in 1854 in London and competitive examinations were started in 1855.(exams were held only in London)
With the inauguration of the Constitution of India in January 26, 1950, the Federal Public Service Commission came to be known as the Union Public Service Commission, by virtue of of Article 378 of the Constitution.