vehicle

Topic 

Vehicle SCRAPPAGE policy

 

CONTEXT
Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Vehicle Scrappage Policy in India on Friday, 13 August, at the Gujarat Investor Summit and requested youths and start-ups to join the programme.

Aim
Reducing the population of old and defective vehicles, bringing down vehicular air pollutants, improving road and vehicular safety.

What is Vehicle SCRAPPAGE policy?
• Personal vehicles older than 20 years and commercial vehicles older than 15 years will have to undergo a fitness test at government registered ‘automated fitness centres’.
• Vehicles that fail to pass the test will be declared as ‘end-of-life vehicles’ meaning that they would have to be recycled. Thus, paving the way for older vehicles to be scrapped.
• In case, the vehicles pass the test, the owners will have to pay a hefty fee for reregistration that would be hiked to around eight times for personal vehicles, and around 20 times for commercial vehicles.
• The policy is a “waste-to-wealth mission and an important part of the circular economy that will reduce pollution in our cities and also reflect the government’s commitment towards rapid development.
• The policy will also bring investments worth more than Rs 10,000 crore and, in the process, create employment opportunities for thousands of youngsters.
Provisions

• Fitness Test:
▪ Old vehicles will have to pass a fitness test before reregistration and as per the policy government commercial vehicles more than 15 years old and private vehicles which are over 20 years old will be scrapped.
▪ Old vehicles will be tested at authorized Automated Fitness Center and will not be scrapped merely on the basis of age.
▪ Emission test, braking system, safety components will be tested and the vehicles which fail in the fitness test will be scrapped.
▪ If the old vehicle passes the test, the owner can continue to use it, but the charges for reregistration will be much steeper.
▪ The Union Road and Transport Ministry has also issued rules for registration procedure for scrapping
facilities, their powers, and scrapping procedure to be followed.

o Road Tax Rebate:
▪ The state governments may be advised to offer a road-tax rebate of up to 25% for personal vehicles and up to 15% for commercial vehicles to provide incentive to owners of old vehiclesto scrap old and unfit vehicles.

o Vehicle Discount:
▪ Vehicle manufacturers will also give a discount of 5% to people who will produce the ‘Scrapping Certificate’ and registration fees will be waived off on the purchase of a new vehicle.

o Disincentive:
▪ As a disincentive, increased re-registration fees would be applicable for vehicles 15 years or older from the initial date registration.

Significance
• Creation of Scrap yards:
▪ It will lead to creation of more scrap yards in the country and effective recovery of waste from old vehicles.
▪ India had to import 23,000 crore worth of scrap steel during the last year as India’s scrapping is not productive and India is not able to recover energy and rare earth metals.

o Employment:

▪ In the new fitness centers, 35 thousand people will get employment and an investment of Rs 10,000 crores will be pumped in.

o Improved Revenue:
▪ This will boost sales of heavy and medium commercial vehicles that had been in the contraction zone as a result of economic slowdown triggered by the bankruptcy of IL&FS(Infrastructure Leasing & Financial Services) and Covid-19 pandemic.
▪ The government treasury is expected to get around Rs 30,000 to 40,000 crores of money through Goods and Services Tax (GST) from this policy.

o Reduction in Prices:
▪ Prices of auto components would fall substantially with the recycling of metal and plastic parts.
▪ As scrapped materials will get cheaper the production cost of the vehicle manufacturers will also reduce.

o Reduce Pollution:
▪ It will play a major role in modernising the vehicular population as it will help in phasing out the unfit and polluting vehicles across the country and promote a circular economy and waste to wealth campaign.
▪ As older vehicles pollute the environment 10 to 12 times more, and estimated that 17 lakh medium and heavy commercial vehicles are more than 15 years old.

Other Initiatives to Curb Vehicular Pollution:
o Go Electric Campaigm
o FAME India Scheme Phase II.
o Electric Vehicles (EV) Policy 2020 for Delhi.
o Hydrogen Fuel Cell Based Bus and Car Project.
o National Electric Mobility Mission 2020.