Jan Shikshan Sansthan (JSS)

Topic

Jan Shikshan Sansthan (JSS)

 

Context
The Jan Shikshan Sansthan (JSS) has brought high-speed internet to some of the remotest tribal hamlets deep inside the Nilambur jungle in Kerala.
• Few tribal hamlets have got high-speed internet, thanks to long-distance Wi-Fi technology.

About
• The Scheme of JSS formerly known as Shramik Vidyapeeth was a unique creation of the Government of India and has been implemented through Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) in the country since 1967.
o The scheme was renamed as JSS in 2000.
• It was transferred from the Ministry of Education (erstwhile Ministry of Human Resource Development) to the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship in July, 2018.
• The JSSs are imparting vocational skill training programmes at the door step of the beneficiaries with a minimum cost and infrastructure.
• JSSs are unique in the sense that they do not provide only vocational skills but also include an element of life skills which can help the beneficiary in day to day life.
• They are not working in isolation but also conduct convergence programmes with different departments.
o At present, 233 JSSs in 25 States and 3 Union Territories are functional.
o The annual coverage of the beneficiaries is around 4 lakh, out of which85% are women.

Objectives of JSS
1. To improve the occupational skills and technical knowledge of the non/neo literates and persons having rudimentary level of education upto 8th standard and other school dropouts beyond 8th standard.
2. To create a pool of master trainers working across the department/agencies of skill development through training/orientation programmes.
3. To widen the range of knowledge and understanding of social, economic and political systems and create awareness about the environment.
4. To Promote national values and to align with national programmes.
5. To promote self-employment and facilitate financial support including loans for the target groups through linkage with credit and consortium membership.

Mandate
• To provide vocational skills in non-formal mode to non-literate, neo-literates, persons with rudimentary level of education upto 8th and school drop-outs upto 12th standard in the age group of 15-45 years.
o The priority groups are women, Scheduled Caste, Scheduled Tribe, minorities and other backward sections of the society.

Implementation
• It is implemented through NGOs with 100% grants from the Government of India. JSSs are registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860.
o The affairs of Jan Shikshan Sansthan are managed by the respective Board of Management approved by the Government of India