COLONEL’S DAILY NEWSPAPER ANALYSIS 8th JUNE


PRELIMS:

TOPIC: INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS.

  1. ASEAN.

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations is a regional organization which was established to promote political and social stability amid rising tensions among the Asia-Pacific’s post-colonial states.

#India’s relationship with ASEAN is a key pillar of her foreign policy and the foundation of Act East Policy. India has a separate Mission to ASEAN and the EAS in Jakarta.

India and ASEAN already has 25 years of Dialogue Partnership, 15 years of Summit Level interaction and 5 years of Strategic Partnership with ASEAN.


TOPIC: INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS.

  1. RCEP.

The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is a mega-regional economic agreement being negotiated since 2012, between ASEAN and Free Trade Agreement (FTA) member partners.

#The RCEP came into force in November 2020 without India. The signatories of the agreement include 10 ASEAN countries – Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei, Laos, Myanmar and the Philippines and 5 key partners (China, Japan, South Korea, Australia and New Zealand).


TOPIC: GOVERNMENT POLICIES AND INTERVENTIONS.

  1. Jal Jeevan Mission.

Jal Jeevan Mission, a central government initiative under the Ministry of Jal Shakti, aims to ensure access of piped water for every household in India.

The programme aims to implement source sustainability measures as mandatory elements, such as recharge and reuse through grey water management, water conservation, and rain water harvesting


MAINS:

  1. DBT-ILS ESTABLISHES ANIMAL CHALLENGE STUDY PLATFORM.

TOPIC: GS Paper2, Government Policies and Interventions.

Context:

COVID-19 is causing a major global pandemic. The scientific and clinical community are actively engaged to develop effective preventions and treatments.

KEY TAKEAWAYS:

A key strategy to protect humans from this corona virus pandemic is the development of effective vaccines and therapeutics.

#The experimentation with these animals needs people with multiple expertise and specialised animal biosafety level 3 laboratories (ABSL3).

This platform at ILS has been established with the support from Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council (BIRAC) under Mission COVID Suraksha.

 

THE PROTEOMIC STUDIES:

The COVID-19 research team of this institute has recently established and characterised hamster models of SARS-CoV-2 infection by using a local virus isolate cultured and characterised at ILS.

#This facility will be operating on a fee-for-service mode or on a partnership mode, and will be available for use by researchers from academics, industry and start-ups from India and abroad.

SOURCE: PIB


  1. CHINA HOSTS ASIAN MINISTERS.

TOPIC:
Gs Paper2, International Relations.

Context:

China is hosting foreign ministers from the 10 ASEAN countries on Monday and Tuesday, with Beijing pushing for closer economic cooperation and aligning COVID-19 recovery efforts even as it looks to push back against the recent regional outreach of the Quad grouping.

 

PROMOTING ECONOMIC RECOVERY:

Chinese officials have in recent weeks stepped up criticism of the Quad — the informal India, Australia, Japan and United States grouping — and of Washington in particular.

#China’s Foreign Minister Wang Yi will hold bilateral meetings with all the visiting ministers, and also chair a meeting of the Lancang-Mekong Cooperation (LMC) with Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam.

Recently, China and the Philippines have clashed over the presence of Chinese vessels near a disputed reef, while Malaysia alleged the intrusion of 16 Chinese aircraft into its airspace.

 

CHINA WATCHFUL OVER QUAD ALLIANCE:

After the first Quad leaders’ summit held in March and the announcement of a regional vaccine initiative, many Chinese analysts framed ASEAN as a key space where Chinese and Quad initiatives may rub up against each other.

India’s External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar in April described the using of words such as “Asian NATO” as “a mind game which people are playing”.

SOURCE: THE HINDU


  1. MALDIVES WINS UNGA ELECTION BY BIG MARGIN.

TOPIC: Gs Paper2, International Relations- Important Global Institutions.

 Context:

In a first for the Maldives, Foreign Minister Abdulla Shahid was elected the President of the United Nations General Assembly for 2021-22, winning 143 votes or nearly three fourths of the 191 countries that voted in the annual election, while his rival, former Afghanistan Foreign Minister ZalmaiRassoul won 48.

A GREAT HONOUR FOR MALDIVES:

Mr. Shahid’s win was welcomed in particular in New Delhi, where Indian diplomats had been active behind the scenes in helping the Maldives canvass for him,

#Maldives President Ibrahim Solih called the election win “resounding” and a “great honour for the Maldives”,

while former President and Maldives speaker Mohammad Nasheed said it was a “great day” for small island states and for “climate vulnerable countries everywhere”.

 

TOWARDS STRENGTHENING MULTILINGUALISM:

“This is a testimony as much to [Mr. Shahid’s] own stature as to the standing of Maldives. We look forward to working with him to strengthen multilateralism and its much-needed reforms,” said External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar.

In contrast, it is expected that Mr. Shahid’s tenure, which will last until September 2022 while India’s tenure at the UN Security Council will last until December 2022, will see a period of smooth coordination between India and the Maldives at the UN.

SOURCE: THE HINDU


  1. WORLD OCEANS DAY 2021.

TOPIC:
Gs Paper2, International Relations- Important Global Institutions.  

Context:

It is reminds every one of the major role the oceans have in everyday life. They are the lungs of our Planet and a major source of food and medicine and a critical part of the biosphere.

 

SIGNIFICANCE:

 

The Decade will strengthen international cooperation to develop the scientific research and innovative technologies that can connect ocean science with the needs of society.

SOURCE: THE HINDU


  1. INDIA’s COMMITMENT TO PROMOTE RENEWABLE ENERGY.

Gs Paper3, Indian Economy- infrastructure (Renewable Energy).

CONTEXT:

Ministry of Power has circulated a Discussion paper on redesigning the Renewable Energy Certificate (REC) Mechanism for comments of stakeholders in power sector today.

Discussion paper on the requirement of redesigning the REC Mechanism has been prepared in order to align it with the emerging changes in power scenario and to promote new renewable technology.

 

Salient features of changes proposed in REC mechanism are:    

Validity period of RECs; Floor & Forbearance Price. The REC validity period may be removed. Thus, the validity of REC would be perpetual ie till it is sold.

       

Period for which the RECs are to be issued to RE generators:

The RE generator who are eligible for REC, will be eligible for issuance of RECs for 15 years from the date of commissioning of the projects. The existing RE project that are eligible for REC would continue to get RECs for 25 years.        

For such RE projects at least 15 years policy visibility would be provided to attract investments and promotion of such technologies in the renewable energy.

 

MULTIPLIER :

A technology multiplier can be introduced for promotion of new and high priced RE technologies, which can be allocated in various baskets specific to technologies depending on maturity.

This will ensure even the small buyers who finds difficulty in trading in REC market will be able to fulfil his RPO.

SOURCE: UNEP