IUCN Red List status of Leopard is ‘Vulnerable’.
Indian Leopards are good climbers and rely on trees for cover, so are found in various forested habitats, including rainforest, dry deciduous forest, temperate forest and northern coniferous forest.
While leopards coexist well with tigers, they have a much wider distribution than tigers.
‘Status of Leopards in India 2018’ report estimates released recently by union environment ministry shows a 60% jump in the leopard population since 2014.
This follows on the same steps of similar increase seen in the population of lion and tiger earlier.
⦁ Madhya Pradesh has the highest number of leopards—3,421, followed by Karnataka—1,783, and Maharashtra—1,690.
⦁ According to the report, central India and Eastern Ghats (stretching across Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha, Maharashtra and Northern Telangana) were found to have 8,071 leopards.
⦁ In the Western Ghats, which includes protected areas in Goa, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu, 3,387 leopards were recorded.
⦁ The Shivalik Hills and Gangetic Plains landscape extending from Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh to parts of Bihar recorded 1,253 leopards.
⦁ Only 141 were estimated in the northeastern hills and Brahmaputra plains.
⦁ In India, their geographical range encompasses a large part of the western Himalayas including the states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh in the eastern Himalayas.
⦁ The last three states form part of the Eastern Himalayas – a priority global region of WWF and the Living Himalayas Network Initiative.
⦁ Here are list of 10 national parks where snow leopard are found
Hemis⦁ National Park, Ladakh.
Dachigam⦁ National Park, J&K.
Great Himalayan National Park, Himachal Pradesh.
Pin Valley National Park, Himachal Pradesh.
Gangotri⦁ National Park, Uttarakhand.
Valley of Flower National Park, Uttarakhand.
Nanda Devi National Park, Uttarakhand.
Govind⦁ ⦁ Pashu⦁ ⦁ Vihar⦁ National Park, Uttarakhand.
Khangchendzonga⦁ National Park, Sikkim.
⦁ ⦁ Namdapha⦁ National Park, Arunachal Pradesh.
Clouded Leopard is a vulnerable wild cat found in the Indian Himalayan foothills of northeast India. The Indian clouded leopard is the most elusive cats in the world and one of the five big cats found in India.
Clouded Leopard National Park of Tripura is India’s first dedicated wildlife park to Clouded Leopards, located inside the the Sipahijola Wildlife Sanctuary.
Other places where we can find clouded leopards include:
⦁ Namdapha National Park, Arunachal Pradesh: The Park has one of the richest biodiversity in the country and the only national park in India to host four big cat species of Snow leopards, Clouded Leopards, Indian leopards and Tigers.
⦁ Buxa National Park, West Bengal
⦁ Dibru Saikhowa National Park, Assam
⦁ Phawngpui National Park, Mizoram
⦁ Manas National Park, Assam
⦁ Balphakram National Park, Meghalaya
⦁ Sipahijola Wildlife Sanctuary, Tripura
⦁ Khangchendzonga National Park, Sikkim
⦁ Singalila National Park, Darjeeling